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Indicators are a key metric in understanding the state, pressures on, and response to measures, within the marine environment. The indicators catalogue brings together European, regional sea and policy indicators to give you the insight around the European seas.

The State of Europe's seas looks in more detail at the the topics presented in WISE-Marine, and looks forward to how the EU can fulfil its ambition of achieving sustainable use of its seas.








Figures Used:



EC, 2008, Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (MSFD).

EC, 2015, EC, 2015, Review of the GES Decision 2010/477/EU and MSFD Annex III — cross-cutting issues (version 4), DG Environment, Brussels, Belgium.

Ecorys, 2012, 'Blue Growth, Scenarios and drivers for Sustainable Growth from the Oceans, Seas and Coasts, Annex 1 maritime activities data' https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/maritimeforum/system/files/Blue_Growth_Final_report_annex%201%20Methodology%20and%20maritime %20fu.pdf).

EEA, 2015. State of Europe’s seas. EEA Report, No 2/2015.

Maes, J., Teller, A., Erhard, M., Liquete, C., Braat, L., Berry, P., Egoh, B., Puydarrieux, P., Fiorina, C., Santos, F., Paracchini, M. L., Keune, H., Wittmer, H., Hauck, J., Fiala, I., Verburg, P. H., Condé, S., Schägner, J. P., San Miguel, J.et al., 2013, Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services: An Analytical Framework for Ecosystem Assessments under Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. (http://www.citeulike.org/group/15400/article/12631986) accessed 28 May 2014.

Stanners, D., Bosch, P., Dom, A., Gabrielsen, P., Gee, D., Martin, J., Rickard, L. and Weber, J.-L., 2007, 'Frameworks for environmental assessment and indicators at the EEA', in: Sustainable Indicators: A scientific assessment, Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, Island Press, London

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