The Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires the identification of significant pressures from point sources of pollution, diffuse sources of pollution, modifications of flow regimes through abstractions or regulation and morphological alterations, as well as any other pressures. ‘Significant’ means that the pressure contributes to an impact that may result in failing to meet the WFD objectives of not having at least good status. In some cases, the pressure from several drivers, e.g. water abstraction from agriculture and households, may in combination be significant. The dashboards below provide an overview of the different results related to pressures and impacts on surface water bodies.

In this page:

1. Surface water bodies: Significant pressures [table]

2. Surface water bodies: Significant pressures [overview chart]

3. Surface water bodies: Significant impacts [overview table]

4. Surface water bodies: Significant impacts [overview chart]

Caution is advised when comparing Member States and when comparing the first and second RBMPs, as the results are affected by the methods Member States have used to collect data and often cannot be compared directly.


Further information is provided in chapters 2 and 3 of the EEA report European waters – assessment of status and pressures 2018, and section 2.3 Pressures and impacts on surface waters of the WFD 2016 reporting guidance.