97 - 100%
95 - 97%
85 - 95%
70 - 85%
0 - 70%
Overall, NaN% of the urban waste water in - is treated according to the requirements of the UWWTD. This is - the EU average of NaN%.
What progress has - made in meeting its targets for urban waste water collection and treatment?
Between 2014 and 2018, -:
- - the required target for collection of urban waste water
- has increased the required target for biological treatment of urban waste water
- - the required target for biological treatment of urban waste water with - removal
Does - reuse treated urban waste water?
Is there a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by the urban waste water treatment sector in -?
In -, emissions of greenhouse gases by the urban waste water treatment sector have - by NaN% between - and 2019.
How does - protect its most sensitive waters from algal blooms?
Too much nitrogen or phosphorus in water can cause algal blooms. This may affect fish, bathers and the wider environment negatively.
- designated - of its territory as sensitive areas and decided that agglomerations over 10 000 p.e. discharging into sensitive areas must apply biological treatment with -.
By implementing the Water Framework Directive, countries have assessed the quality of national waters, including surface water bodies (e.g. rivers, lakes, transitional and coastal waters) and groundwater bodies. In addition, they have identified the pressures that contribute to less than good water quality (i.e. poor chemical status or less than good ecological status for their surface water bodies, and poor chemical status for their groundwater bodies).
Is there an increase in the number of monitored bathing water sites with excellent water quality in -?
The monitored bathing water sites with excellent water quality in - have - between 2010 (- sites) and - (- sites).
It is noted that bathing water sites are not necessarily affected by direct discharges of urban waste water. Therefore, observed water quality problems can also be related to other activities.
Progress in the number of monitored bathing water sites having excellent water quality in recent years
Number of monitored bathing water sites
As Italy applies Article 5(4) to some of its territory and Art 5(2-3) to the remaining part, the statistics above on biological treatment with nitrogen and phosphorus removal are a general reflection of the compliance rate.
The generalised compliance data for Article 5 are shown to make a comparison possible with agglomeration-based data for Articles 3 and 4. The method for calculation of distance to target is the same for all Member States regardless of whether or not they apply Article 5(4).
Italy applies Article 5(2-3) of the Directive to some of its territory (90 sensitive areas and related catchments). Consequently, all agglomerations >10,000 p.e. in this area and discharging into a sensitive area or catchment must comply with Article 5 (apply more stringent treatment than secondary, i.e. nitrogen and/or phosphorus removal).
The sensitive areas and their related catchments are:
- 77 areas where nitrogen and phosphorus removal is necessary to avoid eutrophication
- 4 areas where phosphorus removal is necessary to avoid eutrophication
- 2 areas where nitrogen removal and disinfection are needed
- 3 areas where nitrogen and phosphorus removal and disinfection are needed
- 4 areas where disinfection is needed
Italy applies Article 5(4) of the Directive to the remaining part of its territory. There are 5 sensitive areas where Italy applies Article 5(4) of the Directive. Consequently, the compliance regarding more stringent treatment is primarily calculated at ‘sensitive area’ level and not only at agglomeration level. The Member State must apply more stringent treatment so that the minimum of 75% of total nitrogen and the minimum of 75% of total phosphorus is removed. Compliance with Article 5 cannot be supported until all agglomerations >10,000 p.e. in areas where Article 5(4) is applicable also comply with Articles 3 and 4. In 2018, more than 75% of total nitrogen and of total phosphorus were removed from the collected waste water load in 4 sensitive areas which are therefore compliant. The sensitive area named “catchment Distretto Padano” (including 7,265 treatment plants with a design capacity of approximately 29,896,000 p.e.) did not reach the minimum performance and the reduction was at 68% for nitrogen and 75% for phosphorus. This sensitive area is therefore not compliant with Article 5(4).
Text, Figure 1-6 , Map view 1-4: Waterbase - UWWTD: Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive – reported data
Text and Figure 7: EEA greenhouse gases - data viewer
Text and Figure 8- WFD: WISE WFD Database: reported data
Text and Figure 9 - Bathing water
Bathing Water Directive: Status of bathing water: reported data